Monday, 15 August 2016
The Pakistan Movement did not start abruptly. It grew out of necessity, slowly and gradually. Muslims of India were surrounded by inimical alien rulers and well organized Hindus.
The British had not forgotten the War of Independence waged by the Muslims against them. The Hindus had never forgiven the Muslims for having ruled India for centuries. Therefore, both the communities conspired against the Muslims to turn them into a poor, helpless and ineffective minority.
The Hindus soon learnt the English language, adopted the western ways of living and occupied important government posts. Muslims were left far behind socially, educationally and economically. Then the events took a new turn. Hindus who had received western education in England or some other countries of Europe formed in connivance with the British rulers a political party called the Indian National Congress which aimed at sharing power with the British in ruling India. They were successful in their plans. But Muslims were losers and so when councils were set up, they were left out. The ruling British sensed this and felt concerned because the Muslims did not get adequate representation.
In the meantime, a deputation of Muslims known as 'Simla Deputation' led by Sir Agha Khan met Lord Minto, the then Viceroy of India on October 1,1906 and expressed the concern of the Muslims of India over the situation and also impressed upon him to look into the genuine demands of the Muslims. The Viceroy promised to sympathetically and judiciously consider the Muslim viewpoint. It was probably the result of these efforts that the Muslims were granted the right of separate electorate in the Minto-Morley Reforms of 1909.
Indian National Congress was founded in 1885, which was an overwhelmingly Hindu body. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan advised the Indian Muslims to stay away from it. The Muslims of India had no political organization of their own; therefore in 1906 they decided to form a political party known as All India Muslim League. The objective of the All India Muslim League was to safeguard and promote interests of the Muslims of India and also strive for better understanding among different communities of India particularly the British.
The annual meeting of the Muslim League which was held at Allahabad in 1930 was presided over by Allama Iqbai who in his Presidential address said that the N.W.F.P. Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan should be combined in one State. AJIama further said that there was no way out; it was destined to become an independent state because this was the only way by which Muslims could live an honourable life. They must have a homeland so that they could preserve their culture, civilization and modes of worship. Thus a forceful demand was put forward for an independent Muslim State. The Allahabad address caught the imagination of the Muslims who started working hard for the preservation of their rights and ultimate independence.
The British Prime Minister, at the failure of the Cabinet Mission as well as the Interim Government announced the Intention of the British Government to transfer power to the people of the subcontinent and also announced the appointment of Lord Mountbatten In place of Lord Wavell.
Lord Mountbatten studied the political situation and later with the approval of the British Government announced the June 3 Plan in which it was decided to partition the sub-continent. Punjab and Bengal were to be divided on the basis of Muslim majority and Hindu majority areas. A Boundary Commission was also to be appointed to demarcate the boundaries of Pakistan and Bharat.
Provincial Assembly of Sindh and 'Shahi Jirga' of Balochistan were to decide about their future. N.W.F.P. was given an option to hold a referendum and decide their own fate. Similarly, Sylhet of the Assam Province was given the option to decide about their future.
When it was decided to partition Punjab and Bengal the British Government appointed Sir Radcliff, as the Chairman of the Boundary Commission. Mountbatten and Radcliff, betraying all norms of fair play and justice, gave some of the Muslim majority areas to Bharat. By giving away Gurdaspur, a Muslim majority district to Bharat, the British Government gave Bharat an access to Kashmir which ultimately proved to be the greatest hurdle in the smooth neighbourly relations between Bharat and Pakistan.
In the distribution of assets, Mountbatten again showed great partiality and Pakistan was deprived of her legitimate share In the finances, defence equipment, railway engines and bogies and the like.
Wednesday, 10 August 2016
For a nation to progress it must have a clear idea of its longer-term aspirations. Without this clarity it will neither be able to prepare a coherent roadmap for action nor adopt and implement the policies that would lead towards the objectives. A national vision is meant to provide clarity to our shared vision of the future. Indeed, Pakistan was founded on such a vision—the “Pakistani Dream”, a vision of a prosperous, equitable, tolerant, and dynamic society—which was at the heart of the Independence Movement, even if, over the years, its clarity has diminished. It was the foundational vision for the new country, inspired by that generation of leaders, and articulated through the struggles of our people for independence and nationhood. The purpose of this document and all that has gone into its preparation is to recreate this vision, re-build upon it, and help translate it into reality. Since 1947, Pakistan has made considerable progress on many fronts. However, on the eve of our 68th independence day, there is consensus that the pace of progress has not been commensurate with the promise and potential of our nation; we need to do better and faster. There is a general misconception that faster means no or less planning and more action. The reality is that the quality of planning is one of the key determinants of the speed of action and desired outcomes. Over time, the nature and role of planning has undergone a major transformation. Today the national planning process is more participatory, collaborative, people and market oriented. Plans succeed when they manifest the aspirations of a nation, empower the citizens, and especially the private sector,to play their respective roles, provide equal equitable opportunities to all and assign a very well defined role to government as a supporter, facilitator, regulator and performance driven service provider.
Pakistan Vision 2025 is designed to represent an aspirational destination. It will serve as a critical guide-post for the development of an effective strategy and road-map to reach our national goals and aspirations. It is not meant to represent the resultant strategy and programme itself. The Vision will be realized through strategies and programmes defined in associated five-year and annual plans. Pakistan today faces formidable social, economic, security and governance challenges. Many nations have faced similar challenges in history and successfully turned them into opportunities through sound economic planning, good governance and consistency in policy implementation. We believe that, once effectively addressed, our challenges likewise offer unprecedented opportunities for transformational progress. As we pass through an era of unprecedented change and complexity, it is imperative that we refresh our framework for national development. A renewed commitment to the founding vision is needed, both to address the current challenges and set out realistic and ambitious targets for the future—including ensuring that Pakistan succeeds in achieving the proposed Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of zero poverty and hunger, universal access to health services, education, modern energy services, clean water and sanitation, and join the league of Upper Middle Income countries by 2025.
Our ultimate aspiration is to see Pakistan among the ten largest economies of the world by 2047 – the centennial year of our independence. Pakistan is currently facing serious challenges on various fronts. These include the combination of low growth and high inflation, which is one of the major factors leading to the perpetuation of poverty and unemployment. Energy shortages have posed great problems to the citizens as well as businesses and agriculture. Social indicators reflect serious deficiencies in education, health and population, gender equity and social services. The law and order situation in the country poses a critical threat to security as well as the economy. The decade-long struggle against terrorism and extremism continues to impose immense social, economic, and human costs. The challenges are compounded by a number of adverse exogenous developments, especially the looming threat of climate change, the aftermath of global economic, financial, and energy crises, unabated fragility of the global financial system, and the continued stagnation in developed country import demand as well as aid flows. The situation calls for a consensus-based national vision and comprehensive strategy to not only combat these challenges, but also proactively embrace the future based on ‘The Pakistani Dream’, which lay at the heart of the movement for the creation of Pakistan.
Notwithstanding the multitude of challenges, recent developments, both internal and external, also provide a basis for optimism. Recent years have witnessed the transformational impact of the deepening of democratic culture and institutions. There is a growing consensus that the future of the country is linked with the upholding of the principles of the rule of law, independence of the judiciary and constitutionalism. The space for freedom of expression through the growing voice of a vibrant media has expanded. In spite of attacks on journalists, the resolve of Pakistan’s media has only grown stronger to show that this phenomenon is irreversible. There is a growing and engaged civil society in the country, which is giving greater voice to citizens in shaping the future direction of the country
Having taken necessary short-term actions to stabilize the economy, it is logical that the focus shifts towards the medium to long term framework that will bring Pakistan’s economy to its full strength and potential. Pakistan Vision 2025 should be seen as the first stage in the development journey, providing a balanced and solid platform of sustainable growth and development, and enabling the achievement of the larger vision of transforming Pakistan into a high income economy by 2047 - the first centenary of Independence.
Pakistan Vision 2025 was arrived at after extensive consultations with a very wide range of stakeholders, including representatives of political parties, federal and provincial governments, parliamentarians, national and international private sector entrepreneurs, development partners and financial institutions, academia, think tanks, independent experts, Non-Governmental Organizations and civil society. A national consultative conference was held on November 22, 2013. The conference was chaired by the Prime Minister and attended by the Chief Ministers of all four Provinces and the Prime Minister of AJ&K, as well as over one thousand stakeholders from different sectors and domains. In order to streamline discussions and obtain coherent inputs from all sectors of the economy, the conference was divided into seven broad thematic groups, which were further sub-divided into fiftythree sub-groups. The national conference was followed up by consultative workshops in the four provinces and AJ&K, with the objective of clarifying recommendations and mustering support. In order to avoid duplication and reinventing the wheel, the best ideas put forward in earlier vision documents and medium-term plans were also drawn upon in preparing Vision 2025.
Tuesday, 9 August 2016
Since the beginning of the recent uprising in January 1990, the Kashmiris have been demanding an end to the illegal occupation of India.The extent of torture, killings and rapes perpetrated on Kahmiris by Indian forces are already creating a new record of atrocities. Gouging eyes, cutting of the genitals of men, use of ever new methods of torture and endless curfew are tactics of Indian forces to suppress the freedom movement of Kashmiri people. The Indian forces' deviltry such as gang rapes, burning of entire villages, destruction of economic life of whole community must be taken into account by the International community.
Recent violence inflicted on Kashmiris by the Indian armed forces has been so gruesome and horrific that Foreign media (Western and even India's own private media) and International Human rights organizations had to come up to condemn the actions of Indian forces.
Breaking its silence over the recent violence in Indian Occupied Jammu and Kashmir, the Amnesty International has asked India to stop using pellet guns on unarmed innocent Kahmiris. The use of the horrific pellet guns by Indian armed forces has deprived more than hundred Kashmiri of their eyes, most of them are innocent children.
Wednesday, 3 August 2016
Mera Pakistan is an up-coming programme to be telecasted on Pakistan Television Network during the Independence Day exclusive transmissions. The programe is a joint venture of Cyber Wing, Ministry of Information, Broadcasting and National Heritage, Pakistan Television Corporation and Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation.
The programe is aimed at involving the masses of Pakistan and encourage them to click a photo or record a video with regard to anything related to Pakistan and send it to PTV. Best click or video will be selected by the authorities concerned.
Here comes the promo..
The Present Government as per its manifesto considers it a national duty to protect the interests o f women and provide them equal opport...
Pakistan’s government believes that security and peace are essential for sustainable development in the economic, political, social an...
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Pakistan has always played a pro-active role in highlighting the longstanding issue of Jammu and Kashmir on all the important interna...